Facts and Figures

Cheltenham lost 44 of its sons on one day.  The 25th of September 1915 was the first day of The Battle of Loos when the 10th Battalion The Gloucestershire Regiment and other regiments attacked German lines around the small French mining town of Loos near the Belgian border.   The battalion was decimated and 36 Cheltonians were amongst its dead.   Other battalions in the battle lost 8 Cheltonians and the full roll of Cheltenham dead can be viewed here.

Cheltonians Who Lie in Foreign Fields

Foreign Field

Names

Cemeteries

Australia 1 1
Belgium 118 59
Burma 1 1
Egypt 9 4
France 512 255
Germany 9 5
Greece (Salonika) 26 9
India 9 5
Italy 8 7
Kenya 1 1
Malta 4 1
Middle East 27 10
Nigeria 1 1
North America 5 5
Pakistan 4 3
Russia 1 1
Singapore 1 1
South Africa 1 1
Tanzania 1 1
Turkey (Gallipoli) 14 11
Totals 745 381

Cheltonians Commemorated on Memorials To The Missing

Country Names Memorials
Aden 1 1
Belgium 168 5
Egypt 3 2
France 325 14
Germany 1 1
Gibraltar 1 1
Greece (Salonica) 3 1
India 8 3     (Note 1)
Iran 1 1
Iraq 22 2
Israel 8 1
Italy 1 1
Pakistan 1 1      (Note 1)
Tanzania 1 1
Turkey (Gallipoli) 46 2
UK 45 4
Totals 635 41

Notes:

1.   The nine commemorated in India and Pakistan are buried in un-maintainable graves.

Cheltonians Buried in the UK and Ireland

Country Names Cemeteries
England 157 52
Channel Islands 1 1
Ireland 3 3
Scotland 4 4
Wales 2 2
Unknown 37 Unknown
Totals 204 62 known

Individual Facts and Figures

A total of 97 Cheltonians are buried in CWGC graves within Cheltenham Cemetery and 107 are commemorated on the headstones of family or relatives in the cemetery.   Nearly 150 are commemorated on family headstones in the 11 local cemeteries.   There are 29 remembered on commemorative plaques, tablets and stained glass windows in 13 local churches and chapels.

A total of 745 Cheltonians are buried as war casualties in 381 cemeteries throughout the world.   512 are buried in 255 cemeteries in France and 118 are buried in 59 cemeteries in Belgium.   16 Cheltonians are buried in the Etaples Cemetery, France, alone.

635 Cheltonians who were killed in battle and have no known grave are commemorated on 41 Memorials To The Missing around the world.   There are 325 commemorations on 14 memorials in France with 137 being listed on the Thiepval Memorial in the Somme area.   A further 168 commemorations on 5 memorials are in Belgium, mostly in the Ypres area.   Some 51 Cheltonians were lost at sea and are commemorated on Naval and other Memorials which can be viewed here.   7 were buried at sea.

There are 167 Cheltonians who are known to be buried within the UK and Ireland and a list of these can be viewed here.   A further 37 are thought to be buried in the UK, mostly in the Cheltenham area and investigations continue to locate these graves.

ALINGTON Gervase Winford Stovin Cpl ALINGTON is one of only two Cheltonian recipients of the Military Medal and Bar (see Sgt SURMAN, below).   He was killed in action in Belgium just 2 days before the Armistice.
BOWSTEAD Arthur James At the age of 58, possibly the oldest Cheltonian to be killed on active service.   He died of wounds in France on 4th September 1917.
BOWSTEAD James Ernest Possibly the "unluckiest" Cheltonian, who served in France with 1st Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment throughout the Great War without illness or injury only to succumb to pneumonia on 3rd February 1919 less than a month after returning to UK.   No relation to BOWSTEAD above.
BROOKE-MURRAY Kenneth Algernon The original wooden cross which stood over the grave of Captain Brook-Murray between 1916 and 1923 is now on display in St Stephen's Church.   It is reputed that this officer was the first man of the BEF to land in France in August 1914 (as a member of the Army Service Corps).   He died of wounds received in aerial combat in France on 23rd September 1916.
BUTLER Harold Albert Probably the first Cheltonian to be killed in action in the Great War when during the Battle of Mons on 24th August 1914 he was killed whilst serving with 119th Battery RFA.
CHAMBERLAIN Charles Sgt Maj Chamberlain of the Royal Field Artillery is the only Cheltonian recipient of the Military Medal and two Bars.   He was killed in action, in France, on 4th November 1918 just 7 days before the Armistice.
DELANEY Cecil James Was probably only 16 when killed in action at the Battle of Loos on 25 September 1915 whist serving with 10th Bn Gloucestershire Regiment.
DUNN Reginald Theodore Commemorated on 6 memorials in the area - CH AS LU SA SM GR.   He was killed in action on the Somme on 18th August 1916.
EMMES Thomas Henry Commemorated on the Cheltenham War Memorial and his son, Francis George, is listed on the World War 2 section of that memorial.   Thomas died of wounds on the Somme on 30th August 1916.
FRY Valentine Walter Commemorated on the Cheltenham War Memorial but returned to Cheltenham apparently as a returned POW of the Germans after the Memorial was unveiled.   Died in 1977 aged 81.
HAWKINS Archibald Commemorated on 6 memorials in the area - CH CA HA CK CKC GR.   Brother of Reginald, below.   He was killed in action in Belgium on 6th June 1915.
HAWKINS Reginald Commemorated on 6 memorials in the area - CH CA HA CK CKC GR.   Brother of Archibald, above.   Killed in action in France whilst serving with the RAF on 29th July 1918.
KING Joseph Sydney There is evidence that he enlisted in 1914 at the age of 15.   He was wounded on the first day of the Battle of Loos on 25th September 1915 and evacuated to UK where he died at the Netley Military Hospital on 8th October 1915.  He was probably 16 years old.  He is buried in Cheltenham Cemetery.
MASON family The MASON family of Albert Street, St Peter's, Cheltenham lost 3 sons in the war.   Frederick, 10 Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment, was killed in action on the Somme on 19th August 1916.   Harold, 10th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment, was killed in action at Neuve Chapelle on 19th March 1916.   Joseph, 1st Battalion Kings Royal Rifle Corps, who was awarded the Military Medal for bravery in October 1917, was killed in action on 29th November 1917 during the Battle of Cambrai.   All three brothers are commemorated on the Cheltenham War Memorial, the St Peter's Church War Memorial, the St Mary's Church Roll of Honour and the Salem Baptist Church Roll of Honour.   Joseph is also listed on the St Paul's Church War Memorial.
MACKAY Duncan Ronald Gordon DFC Captain Mackay, Royal Air Force died on 11th November 1918, Armistice Day, whilst a POW of the Germans.
MATHER family The MATHER family of Parabola Road, Cheltenham lost 3 sons in the war.   Ellis, 17th Battalion The Kings Regiment, was killed in action on the Somme on 11th July 1916.   John of the 1st Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment, was killed in action in the Ypres area of Belgium on 19th February 1915.   Robert, 20th Battalion Kings Regiment, was killed in action in the Flies area of France on 27th March 1918.   All three brothers are commemorated on the Cheltenham War Memorial and the Christ Church Roll of Honour.
ROBERTS Elizabeth Hannah Jane Serving in the WRAF at the time of her death on 28 October 1918, a victim of pneumonia.  The only female to have a  Commonwealth War Grave in Cheltenham Cemetery but she is not commemorated any memorial or Roll Of Honour in the town.  (Name added to the Cheltenham War Memorial in 2016).
SURMAN Leslie Howard Sgt Surman was one of only two Cheltonians who gained a bar to the Military Medal for bravery in the field.   He was killed in action in Belgium on 14th October 1918.  The other recipient was Cpl Gervase ALINGTON of the London Regt (see above).
WILLIAMS Lewis Died suddenly in France on Armistice Day, 11th November 1918, aged 27, whilst serving with 8th Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment.

 

Page last updated:   18th September 2017

 

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